Home Forums Other Specialities Cardiothoracic Medicine & Surgery The Salt Substitute and Stroke Study (SSaSS)

  • This topic has 0 replies, 1 voice, and was last updated 5 months ago by Anonymous.
Viewing 1 post (of 1 total)
  • Author
    Posts
  • #1304
    Anonymous
    Inactive

    The Heart -British Cardiac society-Aug 2022

    Abstract

    The Salt Substitute and Stroke Study (SSaSS)[/list] recently reported blood pressure-mediated benefits of a potassium-enriched salt substitute on cardiovascular outcomes and death. This study assessed the effects of salt substitutes on a breadth of outcomes to quantify the consistency of the findings and understand the likely generalisability of the SSaSS results.

    Methods We searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to 31 August 2021. Parallel group, step-wedge or cluster randomised controlled trials reporting the effect of salt substitute on blood pressure or clinical outcomes were included. Meta-analyses and metaregressions were used to define the consistency of findings across trials, geographies and patient groups.

    Results
    There were 21 trials and 31 949 participants included, with 19 reporting effects on blood pressure and 5 reporting effects on clinical outcomes. Overall reduction of systolic blood pressure (SBP) was ?4.61 mm Hg (95% CI ?6.07 to ?3.14) and of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was ?1.61 mm Hg (95% CI ?2.42 to ?0.79). Reductions in blood pressure appeared to be consistent across geographical regions and population subgroups defined by age, sex, history of hypertension, body mass index, baseline blood pressure, baseline 24-hour urinary sodium and baseline 24-hour urinary potassium (all p homogeneity >0.05).
    Metaregression showed that each 10% lower proportion of sodium choloride in the salt substitute was associated with a ?1.53 mm Hg (95% CI ?3.02 to ?0.03, p=0.045) greater reduction in SBP and a ?0.95 mm Hg (95% CI ?1.78 to ?0.12, p=0.025) greater reduction in DBP. There were clear protective effects of salt substitute on total mortality (risk ratio (RR) 0.89, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.94), cardiovascular mortality (RR 0.87, 95% CI 0. 81 to 0.94) and cardiovascular events (RR 0.89, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.94).

    Conclusions The beneficial effects of salt substitutes on blood pressure across geographies and populations were consistent. Blood pressure-mediated protective effects on clinical outcomes are likely to be generalisable across population subgroups and to countries worldwide.

    G Mohan

    Effects of S

Viewing 1 post (of 1 total)
  • You must be logged in to reply to this topic.