Home Forums Other Specialities Paediatrics PENTAVALENT VACCINE – FINAL MBBS REVISION

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    Anonymous
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    OVERVIEW
    • Pentavalent Vaccine is a vaccine that is used to immunize against five major and deadly
    • childhood diseases namely diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus (DPT), and hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type b).
    • It contains 5 antigens and hence the name (DPT – HepB – Hib)
    • Hepatitis B vaccine protects against severe liver disease including liver cancer
    • The addition of Hib protects against H influenzae meningitis, septicemia and pneumonia
    • Pentavalent can be given to any baby between the ages of six weeks to one year of age

    ADVANTAGES OF PENTAVALENT VACCINE
    • The vaccine does not require to be reconstituted
    • In the pentavalent vaccine schedule followed in the UIP (universal immunization program), the number of injections has reduced from nine to six
    • Safe and wider coverage achieved quickly and cheaply
    • Less pain and inconvenience for babies

    PENTAVALENT VACCINE SCHEDULE
    • Three doses of Pentavalent vaccine are given in UIP
    • The first dose is given at six weeks of age. The second and third doses are administered at 10 and 14 weeks of age respectively
    • There is no booster dose under the UIP for the Pentavalent vaccine

    CONTRAINDICATIONS TO PENTAVALENT VACCINE
    • Age below six weeks
    • Vaccine initiated with DPT and HepB will continue with the same schedule (not Pentavalent vaccine)
    • History of allergic reactions to earlier injections
    • Moderate or severe illness and to wait until the condition gets better(minor URIs not a contraindication)

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