Home Forums Other Specialities Gastroenterology NON ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE- AN UPDATE

This topic contains 1 voice and has 0 replies.
1 voice
0 replies
  • Author
    Posts
  • #2464
    Anonymous
    Inactive

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is now recognized as the hepatic component of the metabolic syndrome.
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a spectrum of fat-associated liver conditions that can result in end-stage liver disease and the need for liver transplantation.

    Simple steatosis, or fatty liver, occurs early in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and may progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis with increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.
    Prevalence estimates for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease range from 17 to 33% in the general populations and it has been estimated that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease exists in up to 70% of people with Type 2 diabetes.

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease increases risk of Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In people with Type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most frequent cause (?80%) of fatty liver diagnosed by ultrasound.

    As non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is strongly associated with insulin resistance, the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with diabetes often contributes to poor glycaemic control.

    Consequently, strategies that decrease liver fat and improve whole-body insulin sensitivity may both contribute to prevention of Type 2 diabetes and to better glycaemic control in people who already have developed diabetes.

    Fatty acid fluxes through the liver are crucial for the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and for increasing insulin resistance.

    G Mohan.

    NB- please access all other articles in the forum on NAFLD.

You must be logged in to reply to this topic.