Home Forums Other Specialities Cardiothoracic Medicine & Surgery Gender Differences in 10-Year Outcomes Following STEMI

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    Anonymous
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    Gender Differences in 10-Year Outcomes Following STEMI: A Subanalysis From the EXAMINATION-EXTEND Trial

    J Am Coll Cardiol Intv. Aug 22, 2022.

    Background
    Short-term outcomes following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in women are worse than in men, with a higher mortality rate. It is unknown whether gender plays a role in very long term outcomes.
    Objectives
    The aim of this study was to assess whether very long term outcomes following STEMI treatment are influenced by gender.

    Methods
    EXAMINATION-EXTEND (10-Year Follow-Up of the EXAMINATION Trial) was an investigator-driven 10-year follow-up of the EXAMINATION (A Clinical Evaluation of Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stents in the Treatment of Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial, which randomly 1:1 assigned 1,498 patients with STEMI to receive either everolimus-eluting stents or bare-metal stents. The present study was a subanalysis according to gender. The primary endpoint was the composite patient-oriented endpoint (all-cause death, any myocardial infarction, or any revascularization) at 10 years. Secondary endpoints were individual components of the primary endpoint. All endpoints were adjusted for age.

    Results
    Among 1,498 patients with STEMI, 254 (17%) were women. Overall, women were older, with more arterial hypertension and less smoking history than men. At 10 years, no difference was observed between women and men for the patient-oriented composite endpoint (40.6% vs 34.2%; adjusted HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.91-1.42; P = 0.259). There was a trend toward higher all-cause death in women vs men (27.6% vs 19.4%; adjusted HR: 1.30; 95% CI: 0.99-1.71; P = 0.063), with no difference in cardiac death or other endpoints.
    Conclusions
    At very long term follow-up, there were no differences in the combined patient-oriented endpoint between women and men, with a trend toward higher all-cause death in women not driven by cardiac death. The present findings underline the need for focused personalized medicine in women after percutaneous revascularization aimed at both cardiovascular and gender-specific risk factor control and targeted treatment.

    G Mohan

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